Our air, ocean and overland freight forwarding services include standardised transport as well as multimodal and sector-specific solutions, together with individualised industrial projects.
Compared with other divisions, our operating business model is asset-light, as it is based upon brokering transport services between customers and freight carriers. Our network’s global presence allows us to offer efficient routing and multimodal transport.
According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the worldwide freight tonne kilometres flown during the year under review grew by 9.0 %. Transport capacities are increasing steadily, due mainly to new passenger aircraft. On some routes, however, the available cargo space was scarce. This applies in particular to routes out of Asia. With around 2.1 million transported export freight tonnes, we remained the air freight market leader in 2016, as shown in the previous table.
Additional mergers and alliances of freight carriers changed the ocean freight market landscape in 2017. The market also experienced growth on the whole, with volume growth driven primarily by routes between the Asia Pacific region and Europe. The container ship market continued to be impacted by surplus capacities, forcing freight carriers to attempt to adapt to the situation. With around 3.1 million transported twenty-foot equivalent units, we remained the second-largest provider of ocean freight services in 2016, as shown in the following table.
The European road transport market saw moderate expansion in the year under review, fuelled by increases in prices and volumes in most European countries as well as a modest rise in oil prices. In the middle of 2017, we launched our premium product EURAPID in 22 European countries. DHL remained the second-largest provider in 2016, with a market share of 2.2 %, in what continues to be a highly competitive environment.